Next.js 6 and

Arunoda SusiripalaArunoda Susiripala

This year, the ZEIT Day Keynote started by highlighting our Open Source projects including showing the metrics of Next.js. With over 25000 stars on GitHub and over 10000 websites are already powered by it, we're incredibly amazed at its growth and love seeing the increasing amount of projects depending on it.

We are proud today to introduce the production-ready Next.js 6, featuring:

  • Zero-configuration static exports. No need for next.config.js by default
  • _app.js, an extension point that enables page transitions, error boundaries and more
  • Babel 7 and Fragment syntax <> support
  • Extended integration test suites with a strong focus on security
  • Flow annotations in the core codebase

In addition to the 6.0 release, we're moving to feature Next.js on its very own homepage,, featuring:

Static React Applications

Next.js focuses on the idea of pre-rendering as a means to achieve high performance. Pre-rendering comes in two forms:

  • Server rendering
    where each request triggers a render. As a result, the end-user doesn't have to wait for any JS to be downloaded to start consuming data
  • Static rendering
    where we output static files that can be served directly without any code execution on the server

Until now, static exporting in Next.js was very powerful but not sufficiently easy to use. It required setting up a manual route map even when no custom routes were in use.

With Next.js 6, we automatically generate the route map for you based on the content of your pages/ directory. If you're not using advanced custom routing, you won't have to make any modifications to next.config.js. Just run:

next build
next export

For an example, check out this website deployed statically to Vercel. The websites source code is available too.

App Component

Next.js offers an extensibility point called _document.js. If defined, it lets you override the very top-level document of your application, which renders the <html> element.

_document.js allows for powerful extensibility, but it has some serious limitations. For example, React is not able to render <html> or <body> directly on the client side, so _document.js is mostly limited to the initial pre-rendering phase.

To enable some other powerful use cases, we're introducing _app.js, which is the top-level component that wraps the outside of each page.

Some differences between _document.js and _app.js

Let's look at some use cases that defining _app.js enables.

Page Transitions

Page transitions example: `` by Xavier Cazalot (Source)

In this example, each page can be independently accessed, pre-rendered and lazy-loaded. However, when we transition on the client side, smooth animations are possible.

Better Apollo and Redux Integration

We already had numerous examples of integrating data and state management frameworks like Apollo and Redux.

With _app.js, however, it's now even simpler to include these. Here are a few examples:

Better Error Handling

React offers a component method called componentDidCatch which enables you to capture and handle exceptions that bubble up from nested components on the client side.

In many cases, due to the unexpected nature of these exceptions, you might want to handle all of them equally at the top level.

_app.js is, therefore, a good place to define that componentDidCatch logic. Here's an example of error handling boundaries in action (source code)

Babel 7

We have upgraded Babel to its latest version: 7. With it comes some great new features and improvements.

JSX Fragments

React 16.2 introduced the Fragment API, which allows you to express a list of elements without having to wrap them in an arbitrary HTML element like <div>:

render() {
  return <React.Fragment>
    <A />,
    <B />

Writing this can be tedious, with Next.js 6 you can use the new JSX fragment syntax to facilitate creating fragments:

render() {
  return <>
    <A />,
    <B />

Nested .babelrc

If you have a directory nested in your Next.js applications that require a different Babel configuration, it's now possible to include a scoped .babelrc file specifically in that directory

  .babelrc      # General .babelrc
      .babelrc  # This .babelrc only applies to this directory

First-class TypeScript Support

When we announced Universal webpack, we pointed out it was possible to use TypeScript via ts-loader, as we now run webpack both on the server and the client.

Babel 7 features built-in support for TypeScript (previously only Flow was supported by Babel).

To use it, just install the latest version of @zeit/next-typescript or check out this example.

We are very happy to introduce the new, built by Next.js core contributor Jimmy Moon.

To start off, we highlight a sped-up video that shows you how to create a PWA with server-rendering from scratch in 5 minutes:

The opening video of ``

One place for our documentation

When you need to look up something quickly, just head to

The documentation will always reflect the latest stable version

Learn, step-by-step

Previously, we would recommend beginners to head to for a step-by-step guide (with quizzes!) on how to get started with Next.js

Now we've integrated it directly into to make it even easier start learning:

The easiest way to start learning Next.js

Get Inspired

We are now featuring a showcase of some nice-looking websites and applications built on Next.js. Head to to get inspired, or submit your own!

Showcase of projects built with Next.js